Diversify to Survive
© 2000-2017 Elena Fawkner
Over the past few days the news headlines have been focused
on Wall Street and the downward spiral of all of the major stock
indexes. As usual when one of these shake-outs occurs, the
popular media tries to reduce the issues to easy to understand,
bite-size morsels. A favorite strategy is to profile a ďtypicalĒ
small investor who had all his eggs in one basket when the market
crashed and now his entire life savings are nothing more than red
ink on his personal balance sheet.
Had our typical small investor diversified his portfolio, investing
some of his capital in blue chip stocks, some in tech stocks,
some in property, some in bonds, chances are he would still be
in the black. The same can be said for anyone running an online
business. The online environment is so dynamic and volatile, and
so many so-called ďhotĒ opportunities come and go (and donít do
much in between), that devoting your entire enterprise to just one
product or service offering is nothing short of dangerous, if not
The answer, then, is to place a few eggs in several baskets, so if
the bottom falls out of one, you can still make an omelet with
whatís left. In other words, diversify your product and service
offerings to generate multiple streams of income.
SOURCES OF INCOME
Hereís five ideas to get you started:
1. Affiliate programs.
2. Own products and services.
3. Website advertising.
4. Ezine advertising.
5. Content access via subscription.
Weíll look at each of these individually in a moment, but first, one
important caveat. The concept of multiple streams of income does
NOT mean you should rush out and add new products and services
to your repertoire willy-nilly.
Whatever you choose to offer must be closely related to the subject
matter of your site. If your site is about pet care, donít try and sell
saucepans. To do so is not only a waste of valuable time and other
resources but you compromise the integrity of your siteís purpose,
not to mention your credibility as an expert in your field.
But even more importantly than that, all traffic is not created equal.
Sure, if you create a separate page on your pet care website just for
your new saucepan line you may attract one or two site visitors you
may not have attracted otherwise. But those visitors were interested
in saucepans, not pet care. Once they reach your site theyíll
assume youíve lost the plot and click away faster than you can say
ďwhereíd he go?Ē.
Far, far better to have fewer site visitors who are all highly interested
and motivated by the subject matter of your site (highly targeted
traffic) than relatively more visitors who are only somewhat interested
and motivated (untargeted traffic).
The return on your investment will always be MUCH higher from
targeted traffic in the form of repeat visits, referrals, recommendations
and, of course, all-important sales.
OK, letís turn now to the five sources of income.
The first and most obvious source of income is affiliate programs.
Iím sure most of you are already well-familiar with the concept but,
if not, you can get a quick primer by reading the article at
To be effective as an income-generator, the affiliate programs you
choose should be closely related to the subject matter of your site
in the sense that a visitor interested in your website content will
also be interested in the subject matter of the affiliate program you
To start your search for appropriate affiliate programs, visit
http://www.associatesearch.com and/or http://www.refer-it.com .
While affiliate programs are a good place to start, you are working
on commission. For significant, long-term, sustainable income
you need to develop your own line of products and services. This
does not necessarily mean you must personally create the product
or service; it just means you get to keep the profits on any sale.
You could, for example, sell products you purchase from a
wholesaler. Under this type of arrangement, you buy the product
for a certain price and sell it for a higher price. The difference is
your profit. The profit under this type of arrangement will, 99% of
the time, be significantly higher than the commission income you
generate with affiliate programs. If you donít want to bother with
the hassle of storing inventory and shipping orders, make
arrangements for the wholesaler to drop-ship orders to your
Of course, you can always create your own products as well. A
good option for an online business is a digital product such as an
e-book since production and distribution costs are extremely low.
Your customer simply downloads the product from your server to
her hard disk. But you donít have to restrict yourself to digital
products. You might choose to write a book and have it
professionally bound and printed. Or you may choose to make
your book available in both digital and traditional format with
different price points to reflect the different production and shipping
Once you have generated consistently high, targeted traffic to your
website, you can begin to think about charging for third party
advertising on some of your website real estate. The price you
can charge for banner advertising depends on your traffic whether
your advertiser pays you to simply host his banner or whether she
pays you per click-through. Particularly if your revenue depends on
click-through it is very important (both for you and your advertiser in
terms of repeat business) that your advertiserís product or service
is relevant to the overall subject matter of your website.
Your pricing would generally be set at a CPM rate, for example $20
per thousand page views. So, if your site receives 5,000 page
views a week, thatís $100 a week in advertising revenue. The more
targeted your traffic, the more you can charge as your CPM.
You have, Iím sure, heard it said many times that a great way to
generate traffic to your website is to publish an ezine (electronic
magazine or newsletter). Thatís certainly true. Ezines are a terrific
traffic generator. But they can also be a source of revenue in their
Once you hit 1,000 subscribers (as a general rule) you can start
charging for advertising in your ezine. Again, CPM is a good
pricing model to start with. I price my advertising at $5 CPM. This
means if I have 8,000 subscribers, a classified ad costs $40; if I
have 9,000 subscribers, a classified ad costs $45, and so on.
Again, the more targeted your subscriber database, the higher your
CPM. Some very highly targeted, specialized ezines can charge
as much as $40 CPM or more. Others that are very general and
untargeted may only be able to generate $2 CPM. Again, the time
and effort you expend in targeting your market audience, the higher
your potential revenue.
The number one commodity people are looking for online is
information. Consider making your website content available on a
members-only basis, charging a membership fee for access. Your
content has to be of genuine value to your website visitors, however.
Donít try this if all youíre offering is a collection of other peopleís
The type of content that lends itself well to this type of arrangement
includes things like apartments for rent listings (eg
http://www.westsiderentals.com ), home-based job openings, that
sort of thing.
Members-only sites that consist of a collection of freely available
products and tools can also work well if, by joining, the member
saves him or herself many hours of independent searching and
collating the relevant materials.
Apart from information, entertainment-type content also lends itself
well to a pay-for-access type of arrangement. The obvious
example is the highly lucrative internet pornography industry. Say
what you will about it, it is a business model that most online
entrepreneurs would love to be able to replicate in their own industry,
if only they could generate the same level of interest. Itís that
targeted traffic principle yet again!
As I said, these are just a few ideas to get you started. Once you
start implementing these, others will suggest themselves to you.
It really doesnít matter what you do so long as it works for you. By
all means, if something works well, donít stop what youíre doing.
But donít rest on your laurels either. Make sure you always have
other wells to drill if todayís runs dry.
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Tuesday, 24-Apr-2018 03:49:39 CDT